Simulating clastic sedimentary basins

  • 220 Pages
  • 1.57 MB
  • 7269 Downloads
  • English
by
PTR Prentice Hall, Prentice-Hall International , Englewood Cliffs, N.J, London
Sedimentary basins -- Computer simula
StatementRudy Slingerland, John W. Harbaugh, Kevin Furlong.
SeriesSedimentary geology series
ContributionsFurlong, Kevin., Harbaugh, John W. 1926-
The Physical Object
Paginationxii,220 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21139146M
ISBN 100138140545

Simulating Clastic Sedimentary Basins: Physical Fundamentals and Computer Programs for Creating Dynamic Systems/Book & Disk (Sedimentary Geology Ser) Har/Dskt Edition by Rudy Slingerland (Author) › Visit Amazon's Rudy Slingerland Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more.

See search Cited by: Get this from a library. Simulating clastic sedimentary basins: physical fundamentals and computer programs for creating dynamic systems.

[Rudy Slingerland; John Warvelle Harbaugh; Kevin Furlong]. An interactive computer simulation which erects models of sedimentary geometries by filling in a two‐dimensional basin from both sides with a combination of clastic sediment and/or in situ and transported carbonate sediments is described.

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The simulation program is implemented in “C” using graphical plotting by:   Because our focus here involves simulating migration and entrapment in clastic sedimentary sequences, we devote part of the book to the use of proc- ess simulation to generate carrier and reservoir beds instead of using geosta- tistical or other procedures for generating them (Rhea and others, ).

Abstract. Computer process simulation can be used to model sedimentary basin features. The models can be run only forwards and are finite in form; time can be segmented into discrete increments Simulating clastic sedimentary basins book fundamental laws must be : John W.

Harbaugh. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances focuses on key topics or areas where the greatest strides forward have been made, while also providing on-line access to the comprehensive book.

Breakthroughs in new techniques are described in Section 1, including detrital zircon geochronology, cosmogenic nuclide dating.

Purchase Simulating Oil Entrapment in Clastic Sequences, Volume 16 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNAchaean sedimentary basins are extremely difficult to characterize in regard of its nature and geometry as these basins were affected by several episodes of deformation and metamorphism and their original geometry and other characteristics have been erased.

Intracratonic and back arc basins were common during middle to late archaean(). Clastic sediments predominate under cold climatic conditions, such as those found in the Arctic (Figure 3) or in high Alpine regions (Figure 4).Such sediments are typical for proglacial and periglacial lakes.

Intensive physical weathering and the lack of a densely vegetated catchment area provide high amounts of minerogenic detritus, which is easily eroded and transported into the lake.

A two-dimensional stratigraphic simulation program based on semiempirical algorithms has been successfully applied to clastic, carbonate, and mixed clastic/carbonate depositional regimes. The program may be used to predict reservoir distribution, to constrain interpretations of well and seismic data, to test exploration scenarios in frontier.

Sedimentary basins. Sedimentary basins are regions of the Earth's crust dominated Simulating clastic sedimentary basins book subsidence.

The subsidence provides the depocentre for sediments such as sandstones, mudrocks, and limestones to accumulate, in some cases to a thickness >10 km. Each continent has sedimentary basins. Simulating Clastic Sedimentary Basins/Physical Fundamentals and Computing Procedures By: Rudy L.

Slingerland, K.

Description Simulating clastic sedimentary basins PDF

Furlong and J. Harbaugh, Prentice Hall, Englewood Clifss, NJ, This textbook describes basic fundamental sedimentary processes and shows how to simplify these processes into quantitative models. Part of the Frontiers in Sedimentary Geology book series (SEDIMENTARY) Abstract Clastic deposits can be subdivided into microforms, mesoforms, and macroforms [using Jackson’s () terminology], reflecting a range of physical scales of deposit and the time scale during which they form.

About this book. Stratigraphers and sedimentologists who are presently describing and interpreting the infill of sedimentary basins are generally agreed that it is difficult to disentangle the signatures of tectonic processes from those of climate and eustatic sea level change in the resultant rock succession.

Tectonically Induced Clastic. SIMSAFADIM-CLASTIC becomes an innovative model that attempts to simulate different sediment types using a process-based approach, therefore being a useful tool for 3D prediction of stratigraphic architecture and facies distribution in sedimentary basins.

Details Simulating clastic sedimentary basins FB2

This model is applied to the neogene Vallès-Penedès half-graben. This later foreland basin is the Ebro Basin within which there are exceptionally-well exposed deposits of large distributive fluvial systems of early Miocene age.

These provide examples of different architectures of fluvial channel and overbank facies and changes in reservoir characteristics can be examined within channel belts, in stacked.

Clastic Sedimentary Rocks A clast is a fragment of rock or mineral, ranging in size from less than a micron [1] (too small to see) to as big as an apartment block.

Various types of clasts are shown in Figure and in Exercise The smaller ones tend to be composed of a single mineral crystal, and the larger ones are typically composed of pieces of rock.

Most sedimentary basin simulation models at-tempt to represent major geologic processes that cre - ate basins, but means for their represention vary widely. For example, in a 2-D basin model, transport of clastic sediment may be represented simply by the diffusion equation.

While useful for some purposes. Chapter 9. Sedimentary Rocks Adapted by Karla Panchuk from Physical Geology by Steven Earle. Figure Cretaceous sedimentary rocks exposed along a road near Drumheller, Alberta, Canada. Sedimentary rocks form in layers called beds, and the planar boundaries that.

Tectonic History It was assumed that the accommodation available in the basin for the sedimentary fill was the combined product of a history of subsidence andfor this reason, all the changes in sea level shown on the diagram are relative changes.

Eustatic History The simulation traces a fall in sea level, lowstand, transgression, highstand, fall, a further rise in sea level and. Simulation of the sedimentary fill of basins. by Christopher G. Kendall 1, Philip Moore 1, John Strobel 1, Robert Cannon 2, Marty Perlmutter 3, James Bezdek 4, and Gautam Biswas 5 1 Department of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina 2 Department of Computer Science, University of South Carolina 3 Texaco Research Center 4 Division of Computer Science, University of West Florida.

"Why simulate?" we might ask. Dan Tetzlaff and John Harbaugh answer that question in Simulating Clastic Sedimentation, and answer it effec­ tively.

Readers will have no trouble following this well-documented, clear ex­ pose on clastic-sedimentation simulation. The sophistication in simulation sincecompared to the early work, is enormous. The position of each depositional surface follows a set of geologic rules and ensures mass balance with sediment input.

The numerical model is tested by simulating the basin-fill architecture of the XES02 laboratory experiment run at the University of Minnesota, which generates stratigraphy mimicking a passive-margin basin fill.

He has worked in a diverse range of basins on six continents, published over scientific papers and edited 3 books. He was an AAPG distinguished lecturer in Affiliations and Accreditation BA University of Cardiff. Courses Taught N Introduction to Clastic Depositional Systems: A.

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the accumulation or deposition of small particles and subsequent cementation of mineral or organic particles on the floor of oceans or other bodies of water at the Earth's surface.

Sedimentation is the collective name for processes that cause these particles to settle in place. The particles that form a sedimentary rock are called sediment. Geological processes that create sedimentary basins or act during their formation can be simulated using the public domain computer code `BASIN'.

For a given set of geological initial and boundary conditions the sedimentary basin evolution is calculated in a forward modeling approach. The basin is represented in a two-dimensional vertical cross section with individual layers.

Clastic modeling includes sedimentary bypass, erosion, winnowing, and sedimentation in alluvial and coastal plains, marine shelf, basin slope, and basin floor settings. Included are mechanisms for infilling of topographic depressions, development of sediment fans, draped fill over topography, and procedures to ensure that clastic sediments are.

Sedimentary processes Sedimentary environments and facies The spectrum of environments and facies Stratigraphy The structure of this book.2 Terrigenous clastic sediments: gravel, sand and mud Classification of sediments and sedimentary rocks Gravel and conglomerate Sand and sandstone Clay, silt and mudrock   In order to be preserved, sediments must accumulate in long-lasting sedimentary basins, most of which form through plate-tectonic processes.

Sedimentary Structures and Fossils: The deposition of sedimentary rocks takes place according to a series of important principles, including original horizontality, superposition, and faunal succession. Sedimentology is a core discipline of earth and environmental sciences.

It enquires the origins, transport and deposition of mineral sediment on the Earth's surface. The subject is a link between positive effects arising from the building of relief by tectonics and the negative action of denudation in drainage catchments and tectonic subsidence in sedimentary basins.

CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g.

) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of.Volume: 74 () Issue: 3. (March) First Page: Last Page: Title: Stratigraphic Simulation of Sedimentary Basins: Concepts and Calibration (1) Author(s): DAVID T.

LAWRENCE (2), MARK DOYLE (3), and THOMAS AIGNER (4) Abstract: A two-dimensional stratigraphic simulation program based on semiempirical algorithms has been successfully applied to clastic, carbonate, and mixed clastic.The book features four new chapters that cover the sedimentary basins of Alaska and the Canadian Arctic.

In addition to sedimentary geologists, this updated reference is relevant for basin analysis, regional geology, stratigraphy, and for those working in the hydrocarbon exploration industry.